"Fixed costs", "Variable Costs" ugly step sister

by Pierre Chew | Sep 13, 2012

This article is primary directed to business owners or anyone directly affected by the profitability of providing Event planning services. In this article I am going to talk about the differences between fixed and variable costs. Specifically what they are, why fxied costs are generaly less desirable that their variable counterpart, and some tricks that can be used to try and convert one to the other.

So first what is a fixed cost? Wikipedia defines the fixed cost in the following manner:

"In economics, fixed costs are business expenses that are not dependent on the level of goods or services produced by the business.[1] "

In the event business, examples of fixed costs are rent, utility bills, computer equipment or salaries. The main characteristic being that the size of these costs is irrespective of your sales.

This is as opposed to a variable cost, which Wikipedia defines in the following manner:

"Variable costs are expenses that change in proportion to the activity of a business.[1]"

In the event business, examples of variable costs are per attendee food, lodging or transportation costs.

At the risk of stating the obvious, the main advantage of a variable costs to a fixed cost is that it goes up and down in lines with your sales. This ensures a direct correlation between the amount of business you are doing and your profitability as well as allows you to get really small (without going out of business), should demand for your services temporarily dry up (cirqua 2008 - 2009).

So as a small business owner, one who is very conscious of the natural eb and flow of demand, I am always trying to give mysef the greatest flexiblity and chance of success, and one way I try to do that is to continually look at ways of converting my fixed costs to variable costs. Not only does this ensure my profitability, but it also makes it much easier for me to recognize how to correctly price my services. Fixed costs get baked into your general operating expenses and it is easy to not account for them when pricing one's services.

But I digress. So what is my biggest fixed costs that I am constantly looking at converting to variable cost, salary. Salary and technology. Salary is an obvious one. Man hours are relatively expensive compared to machine hours. Running a machine costs a fraction of the cost an employee does.

As I stated above, The fixed cost. As a small business owner, oh how I hate you. Why? well for those who remember their accounting, a fixed cost is a cost that is incurred regardless of your use of that service. This is as opposed to a variable cost, that is only incured based on your use for that service.

As a business owner, you are constantly trying to position yourself to support demand for your services. The beaty of the variable cost, if you have properly priced your services, theoretically your costs go up and down in line with demand for your services. This (again theoretically), ensures that regardless of how much service you are providing, you are always able to provide it at a profit.

This is different then her ugly step sister, the fixed cost. The fixed cost is sunk regarldess of how much of it is consumed. So regardless of whether you get 5% or 100% utility out of the service, your cost is the same.

That is why as a small business owner, I am constantly looking at my operational processes and trying innefficiencies in them. Since running anyone a 100% utilitization rate is both impossible and imorall, a better (or some would say realistic strategy) is shooting for a 75% utilization rate to give them the ability to shift up during the unavoidable spikes in demand for their services.

Fortunately with the advent of online technology services, more and more support services are priced variably. It is probably this single fact alone that has lowered the barrier to starting small business. Upfront fixed costs are the single largest barrier to starting a business.

Unfortunately the single largest fixed cost out there, and the one that will never go away is labor. Regardless of whether you are paying your employee hourly or by salary, as an employer you must estimate ahead of time how much of that employee's time you are going to purchase, and how to best manage it.

I then have my managers focus on reviewing their operational procedures and identifying those tasks that can be automated.

When I successfully convert a fixed cost to a variable cost, I am often reminded of the old Pac Man game when Pac Man successfully gobles up one of the ghosts.

5315 comments

Leave a comment
  1. sdfsd | May 22, 2018
  2. krishteena taj | May 21, 2018

     IQ InfoTech, we provide robust and most reliable website development services for your online business. As we understand the importance growth for businesses and their need to embrace their products <a href=" https://ecommercewebsite02.weebly.com/

    ">ecommerce website Development Company  </a> thanks for sharing  this blog


  3. lpoawe | May 20, 2018
  4. janam | May 19, 2018
    p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px 'Helvetica Neue'; color: #e4af0a} span.s1 {color: #454545} span.s2 {text-decoration: underline ; color: #e4af0a} imo for pc
  5. Rony | May 19, 2018
    This is a nice post and i appreciate the above mentioned information voice broadcasting solutions .
  6. Jarry120 | May 19, 2018
    I am happy to be here and this wonderful article. I have found here lots of interesting information for my knowledge I need. all the details you provide to us, it was very helpful and useful, thanks for sharing this amazing post.
    HP Printer Technical Phone Number
  7. fida | May 18, 2018
    Thanks for sharing useful information.IQ Telecom is a company which is provides Best <a href="https://www.iqtelecom.net/voip-solutions"> VoIP Solution Service</a>.They are available 24*7 hours.If you want to instant support then you can contact toll free number +1-888-899-4471.The world is getting increasingly interconnected with every year as we continue walking forward into this web age. Thus, global calling will keep winding up more imperative for a wide range of organizations. 
  8. Gonatural | May 16, 2018
    Thanks for sharing valuable content, this is what I need to know. Thank you once again, it's very interesting. I wish you all the best for your next blog in future.   xanax bars for sale
  9. norton.com/setup | May 15, 2018
    norton.com/setupp - Let's get Started with Norton Security as we are here to get you the easiest way to Setup Norton Security. Feel free to contact us if you need any help.
  10. garmin.com/express | May 15, 2018
    garmin.com/express - Garmin Express is an application which provides the ability to access, control and manage all other Garmin devices from one place. Furthermore, using Garmin.com/express you can manage your device downloads and updates. In addition, you can sync all your fitness data or other information and ensure accurate navigation even on streets.
  11. nhan sam | May 15, 2018
    nhan sam han quoc tai tphcm tphcm là một trong những loại thảo dược tự nhiên, có mặt ở rất nhiều quốc gia trên thế giới như Nhật Bản, Hàn Quốc, Hoa Kì... Trong các loại nhan sam han quoc tai hcm kể trên thì nhân sâm hàn quốc luôn được hàng triệu người trên khắp thế giới săn lùng và tìm kiếm bởi những giá trị tuyệt vời. Từ xưa đến nay những công dụng của loại nhân sâm này vẫn được mọi người lưu truyền và ứng dụng vào trong đời sống đặc biệt là chăm sóc sức khỏe của con người. sâm hàn quốc chính là nhân sâm Hàn Quốc ở dạng tươi chưa qua sơ chế thành các sản phẩm. Củ nhân sâm Hàn Quốc có những vai trò và tác dụng vô cùng to lớn đối với con người.
  12. ashikapratt | May 14, 2018

    I actually like this post! I read your website quite regularly and you’re always coming out with a few things that are certainly awesome.

    Delhi escort service

  13. kirti verma | May 14, 2018
    Thanks for sharing this marvelous post. I m very pleased to read this article. Reset Belkin router
  14. pogo support number | May 12, 2018
    To Fix and Troubleshoot All kind Of Pogo and club pogo Related Problems Such As Reset Password,Pogo not loading And Pogo Customer service And Pogo Billing support.Please visit pogo support number If You’re Looking for pogo technical support phone number.  
  15. Emma120 | May 09, 2018
    This is a wonderful article, Given so much info in it, These type of articles keeps the users interest in the website, and keep on sharing more ... good luck! 
    Macbook Contact Number
  16. beibei lal bei | May 09, 2018
    Paris takes just 3 hours longchamp outlet by train Coach Outlet and is very Moncler Outlet close to London.Timberland Outlet Online Upon arrival,North Face Outlet the sky was coach outlet dark and damp,pandora charms sale but could not true religion cover the ugg boots charm of the whole city.swarovski Outlet He went to nike outlet Montmartre,Michael Kors Outlet Stores Notre Dame Oakley Canada climbed to the top of the tower,Michael Kors outlet he went longchamp pas cher from the Eiffel adidas yeezy boost Tower to Cheap Ray Ban Sunglasses the next mont blanc pens Moulin Rouge Tory Burch sale dinner and Ed Hardy Clothing walked around Adidas NMD Womens all the corners nike outlet ... ruble Paris Jordan Shoes is thick,Cheap ugg Boots full of scents,moncler outlet store but I went after vans store the French corner,Christian Louboutin Shoes a long echo in the air uggs outlet after rising up.Cheap Ray Ban Sunglasses I came to a chat adidas nmd womens bell far away,nike outlet online Wei Len's rain Nike Air Max was hidden in the moncler outlet Seine River,Moncler Outlet the road fell true religion somewhat Converse Shoes Outlet wet and dry,ralph lauren scattered gravel,Fitflop Sale and went.canada goose outlet store This is Spring Nike Shoes belonging to tory burch outlet Paris only.polo ralph lauren outlet She is beautifully Coach Outlet Store melancholic.
    In contrast to swarovski crystal elegant Paris,valentino shoes Italy is nike shoes not very true religion colorful,nike free pas cher but it is a magical country.tommy hilfiger outlet Mostly stolen in Milan,red bottom shoes Venice traveled to under armour sneakers Italy in Michael Kors handbags Florence,Adidas Shoes translucent to rain in rain,the north face bought severe North Face Outlet Online punishment oakley sunglasses cheap tickets ...Nike Store seems to oakley canada be drunk at nike air max 90 the adidas clothing end but cheap ray ban sunglasses not smooth,Prada Sunglasses but it Michael Kors Handbags Outlet left a lot Ugg Australia of different Christian Louboutin Shoes memories.
    Italy Christian Louboutin Outlet has the chaussures louboutin pas cher power to call it.Canada Goose Outlet In the city of Milan,New Balance Shoes we meet again Oakley Outlet Store on the other side Michael Kors Bags of the town,nba jerseys wholesale to meet the Michael Kors Outlet lawsuit,Adidas Outlet Online a group of Christian Louboutin Sale people met Coach Outlet in Venice Uggs Outlet She turned,longchamp handbags outlet sitting on Coach Outlet Online the same board.ray-ban sunglasses canada Again Florence mont blanc pens combines a oakley vault random jungle Coach Factory Outlet of Rome,Cheap Jordan Shoes a family of Jordan shoes three in Ugg Boots the middle.canada goose outlet When we fitflops looked at Coach Outlet Store each other Coach Outlet Online we met,coach outlet we were surprised sac longchamp when we met,Ray-Ban Sunglasses Outlet when we knew we cheap Jordans 11 had the memories nhl jerseys wholesale we had and we michael kors online were magical to Coach Outlet Store get back to cheap jerseys seeing again.Oakley Sunglasses For Men Let's try coach outlet it as if Burberry Outlet Store there is power coach outlet online in the dark.Pandora Jewelry I feel like a Cheap Jerseys real feeling,Kate Spade Outlet with feelings,Ray-Ban Sunglasses hope and cheap Jordan shoes impotence nike hoodie touch,yeezy boost 350 fateful.
    Venice is not surprised oakley glasses at all by cheap jerseys wholesale imagination Gen Fan Timberland Boots Outlet is full Polo Outlet of literature Pandora Jewelry Outlet and vintage atmosphere,Polo Ralph Lauren Outlet a building broken Coach Outlet anywhere in timberland Rome has added a red bottoms for men touch of sorrow on the town.Adidas Shoes The most common is moncler jackets a small oakley sunglasses part of Rome,Coach Outlet Store Online the Vatican City,Uggs Outlet a small country.ugg boots Sale In contrast to north face jackets the devastation of Rome,Michael Kors Outlet the interior Polo Ralph Lauren Outlet of the Vatican Kate Spade is gorgeous as Vans Outlet it emphasizes the sacred timberland boots position of Oakley Sunglasses Outlet the Pope New Balance Shoes altogether.coach handbags This is hugo boss clothing the greatest the north face part of Ralph's the north face outlet hope at Thorn Bird.When I saw ralph lauren outlet an exquisite swarovski fresco on Fitflop Sandals the ceiling,Cheap Jordans For Sale under the Ray Ban Sunglasses Outlet double spiral staircase,Ray Ban Sunglasses he seemed to jordan shoes understand nike air max 90 my desire.skechers shoes outlet Almost no burberry outlet one can resist moncler jacket the temptation of under armour the Vatican just as bright coach black friday light gathers souls.
    At the end canada goose clothing of the era,Asics Running Shoes I clearly Oakley Sunglasses Outlet felt his internal ugg outlet loss and my emptiness.Cheap Nike Shoes Over time, you can erase many memories.Coach Outlet Store Online Perhaps Michael Kors Factory Outlet it has a lot of things ugg boots that frame memory montblanc pen is still there,Swarovski Crystal but have been Ray Ban Outlet Online inadvertently Coach Outlet Online added or Coach Outlet subtracted.canada goose Even though there is no memory,nba jerseys reasonable,Polo Ralph Lauren many details,ray-ban sunglasses the processed emotions are Michael Kors Outlet covered or Coach Outlet Online enhanced and are soft.Prada Handbags Outlet But when I feel ugg australia comfortable Louboutin Shoes sitting nfl jerseys on the roof Michael Kors Outlet of Milan Cathedral,michael kors handbags knowing that Michael Kors Outlet Online I will always remember Coach Factory Outlet expectations Oakley Sunglasses Outlet and excitement true religion jeans Outlet before Ugg Outlet traveling Polo Outlet Montmartre Lacoste Polo Shirts amazedly ugg boots overlooking Paris ,cheap nba jerseys Venice,Ugg boots Outlet art of Florence,Coach Factory Outlet Online bold Romano,ED Hardy the Vatican's astute Jordan Shoes tenderness.Coach factory Outlet I know that Tory Burch Shoes this simple and adidas yeezy boost 350 concise emotion pandora jewelry sale keeps my Ray Ban Outlet body deep,Coach Outlet Store Online as philipp plein my blood Adidas Shoes Outlet continues,Cheap Jordan Shoes they are parked in Coach Outlet Official my heart.
    I remember when Ralf North Face Outlet entered ray ban sunglasses clothing Christian Louboutin Outlet as if he ugg boots touched the Salvatore Ferragamo Outlet Vatican's high pillar.Ray-Ban Even if memories Giuseppe Zanotti Design fade away,Ralph Lauren Outlet Store even if you Coach Outlet Store Online lose your Salomon Running Shoes original Calvin Klein Online appearance,Salomon Shoes that is Asics Running Shoes really irrelevant.red bottom Because he and Polo Outlet the text are Coach Factory Outlet attractive for the Polo Outlet era that gives people Coach Outlet Store Online imagination power,ray-ban sunglasses whether it is the Ugg Boots Sale beginning of a adidas nmd R1 process or termination.Oakley Outlet Sometimes,Skechers Outlet it gives kenzo Clothes some Coach Handbags Outlet colors artificially Stuart Weitzman filled with memories.
  17. Aol Gold | May 08, 2018
    Interesting post. Thank you so much for ding the impressive job here, You will find a lot of approaches after visiting your post.
    AOL  Desktop Gold
    Download AOL Gold
  18. Attiqa Shad | May 08, 2018
    This is the list of 10 top laptops under Rs 30,000. You can select your favourite Phone as your need. Hope you enjoy it and keep a smile 🙂 Best Cheap Laptop
  19. kirti verma | May 01, 2018
    Thanks for sharing this marvelous post. I m very pleased to read this article.Netgear Router Login
  20. nockjones825 | May 01, 2018
    Nice Post. Thank you for this wonderful article Please share this post if you are facing any problem in Mcafee Antivirus they can contact me Mcafee Support UK.
  21. Jannifer Stone | Apr 30, 2018
    Fabulous blog. Very well described this informative post by the author. Thanks.Fix your technical problem with Fixingblog.If you have any problem With Router, Range Extender, Antivirus etc. check out the latest post belkin extender n300 setup
  22. Jessica | Apr 30, 2018
    The way you have explained this thing is amazing. i was glued to your article. Moreover if anyone having issues with their Epson Printer, they can contact me at Epson Printer Support. All their problms will be solved by our Technical Support team.
  23. Dimple | Apr 28, 2018
    Hi, Recently I read Your Blog About Your Topic Very Good Post You Share With Us Your Post Very Useful Informative For me other than Other examines. Delhi Escorts   Escorts in Delhi   Delhi Call Girls   Call Girls in Delhi
  24. Tika Wahyuni | Apr 27, 2018

    Thank you for making this website :) 

    Any way, do not forget to visit my blog

  25. Nahum Avdeev | Apr 24, 2018
    I’m really impressed with your article, such great & usefull knowledge you mentioned here Assignments Online  Pretty helpful material, much thanks for this article.We also share some information about our business. Amazing article thanks for sharing. Keep it up.     
  26. John Edward | Apr 24, 2018
    Java Programming Project Help | JavaAssignments.com  Things are very open and intensely clear explanation of issues. was truly information. Your website is very beneficial.
  27. WilliamBCaban | Apr 24, 2018
    Ketan Logistics Charting The Next Route Case Solution  I appreciate your efforts in preparing this post. I really like your blog articles.
  28. John Petterson | Apr 24, 2018
    Well thanks for posting such an outstanding idea. I like this blog & I like the topic and thinking of making it right. 1800 Buy Ireland Case Study Analysis
  29. Jennifer Dugas | Apr 24, 2018
    Get the dissertation writing service students look for these days with the prime focus being creating a well researched and lively content on any topic. Finance Assignments Help Online
  30. charlieputh | Apr 24, 2018
    Make My Marketing Homework  My friend recommended this blog and he was totally right keep up the fantastic work!
  31. lijirahi | Apr 24, 2018
    Good way of telling, good post to take facts regarding my presentation subject matter, which i am going to deliver in my college Case Study Writing Service
  32. joeym.silva | Apr 24, 2018
    Hi buddy, your blog' s design is simple and clean and i like it. BVI Companies  Your blog posts about Online Dissertation Help are superb. Please keep them coming. Greets!!
  33. kmggaweg | Apr 21, 2018
  34. gurgaon amiaha | Apr 21, 2018
    Hi Guys Looking Me For Call Girls In Gurgaon,I Am Females Escorts Provider In All Location To Gurgaon,In Or Out Calls Facility Available http://www.escortcallgirlgurgaon.com
  35. jordan | Apr 20, 2018

    norton.com/setup Online Help – Step by Step guide for Norton Setup, Download & complete installation online. We are providing independent support service if in case you face problem to activate or Setup Norton product.

    office.com/myaccount Online Help  – Step by Step guide for Office Setup, Download & complete installation online. We are providing independent support service if in case you face problem to activate or Office.Com/Setup product. Just fill the form below and will get in touch with you as quick as possible.

    mcafee.com/activate Online Help – Step by Step guide for mcafee activate, Download & complete installation online. We are providing independent support service if in case you face problem to activate or Setup mcafee product.

    Aol Mail service is free for its users. You just need to create an account by mail.aol.com and you are done. AOL offers distinguished services and products that provide ease, security, and entertainment.aol sign in

    Manage.norton.com – Norton is a real-time Antivirus which helps you to keep your device safe from the malware, viruses, trojans and other outside attacks etc. You can protect an unlimited number of devices including PC, Mac and mobile devices like iPhone and Android phones using Norton. The link manage.norton.com allows you to sign in to your Norton account in order to download and manage your Norton subscription.

    norton.com/setup Online Help– Step by Step guide for Norton Setup, Download & complete installation online. We are providing independent support service if in case you face problem to activate or Setup Norton product.

    Pogo Support - Call 1-844-456-8733 (US/CA) or 01444 39 0119 (UK) for Pogo-related issues. Any errors or issues will be fixed by us related to Pogo Games.pogo support

  36. Nitz | Apr 20, 2018
    This is a nice post and i appreciate the above mentioned information.And i am working in a  amzon cancel order refund .customer care support.They are good in service.
  37. josf | Apr 20, 2018
    Thank You for sharing this valuable information We have well-equipped company in USA housing a team of 80+ of experts.iq telecom is a best  cloud contact center softwareprovider
  38. jing | Apr 20, 2018
    This is a nice post and i appreciate the above mentioned information.And i am working in a best and  web app development company .I recommend this company to all IT solution.
  39. jennyholt | Apr 19, 2018
    The way you have explained this thing is amazing. i was glued to your article. Moreover if anyone having problem with AOL email services, they can contact me at Asus Support Number UK. All their problms will be solved by our Technical Support team.
  40. pegasus | Apr 18, 2018
  41. charlieputh | Apr 17, 2018
    The leading assignment help UK firm offers state of the art services to its clients with a promise of delivering all the required work well within the deadline. Marketing Homework Help
  42. lijirahi | Apr 17, 2018
    I appreciate this work amazing post for us I like it. HBR Case Solution Great info! I recently came across your blog and have been reading along. I thought I would leave my first comment. I don’t know what to say except that I have
  43. ajzapatos | Apr 13, 2018
    [url=http://www.usajerseys.pw/]http://www.usajerseys.pw/[/url][url=http://www.saleworkshoes.xyz/]http://www.saleworkshoes.xyz/[/url][url=http://www.usasunglasses.pw/]http://www.usasunglasses.pw/[/url][url=http://www.ukshirts.pw/]http://www.ukshirts.pw/[/url][url=http://www.uksunglasses.pw/]http://www.uksunglasses.pw/[/url][url=http://www.salecasualshoes.xyz]http://www.salecasualshoes.xyz[/url][url=http://www.nbaallstar.xyz/]http://www.nbaallstar.xyz/[/url][url=http://www.nicejordan2018.pw]http://www.nicejordan2018.pw[/url][url=http://www.shirts2018.pw]http://www.shirts2018.pw[/url][url=http://www.salekd11cheap.xyz/]http://www.salekd11cheap.xyz/[/url][url=http://www.jdsneakeraj.co/]http://www.jdsneakeraj.co/[/url][url=http://www.kyrie4cheap.xyz/]http://www.kyrie4cheap.xyz/[/url][url=http://www.2018newjordan.pw/]http://www.2018newjordan.pw/[/url][url=http://www.cheapkd11sale.pw/]http://www.cheapkd11sale.pw/[/url][url=http://www.newjordan2018.pw/]http://www.newjordan2018.pw/[/url][url=http://www.newjd2018us.top/]http://www.newjd2018us.top/[/url][url=http://www.onsalebagoutlet.pw/]http://www.onsalebagoutlet.pw/[/url][url=http://www.newcl4u.win/]http://www.newcl4u.win/[/url][url=http://www.ajzapatos.pw]http://www.ajzapatos.pw[/url][url=http://www.jdzapatos.pw/]http://www.jdzapatos.pw/[/url][url=http://www.jd2018kd.top/]http://www.jd2018kd.top/[/url][url=http://www.cheaplebron14sale.win]http://www.cheaplebron14sale.win[/url][url=http://www.cheapkd10shoes.win/]http://www.cheapkd10shoes.win/[/url][url=http://www.cheaplebron14shoes.win/]http://www.cheaplebron14shoes.win/[/url][url=http://www.cheapkd10sale.win]http://www.cheapkd10sale.win[/url][url=http://www.cheapkyrie3sale.win/]http://www.cheapkyrie3sale.win/[/url][url=http://www.cheapkd9sale.cc/]http://www.cheapkd9sale.cc/[/url][url=http://www.sneakeres.cc/]http://www.sneakeres.cc/[/url][url=http://www.nicejordan2016.win]http://www.nicejordan2016.win[/url]
  44. Scoopify | Apr 12, 2018
    You want to know how to get rid of dandruff? Well, one tries so many things to get rid of dandruff  which includes home remedies and use of shampoo and medicines as well. There are different reasons for Dandruff which includes a dry scalp, or a skin condition called seborrheic dermatitis. 
  45. audio gats | Apr 11, 2018
    IPRN Premium Numbers Premium Rate Numbers Premuim Rate Numbers IVR PRN DPRN Audio text solutions GATS Premium rate calls International Premium Rate Number International premium rate numbers Domestic Premium Rate Numbers International premium rate numbers providers  Session Initiation Protocol Interactive Voice Response Domestic Premium Rate Number International Premium Rate Numbers premuim rate Best Payout Numbers primium rate numbers in Spain IPRN premium rate premuim rate primium rate numbers international premium rate numbers providers buy premium rate number premium rate numbers providers ivr hosting iprn ivps service ivr solutions ivrs solutions ivrs solution international premium rate numbers interactive voice response call center international premium rate number providers IPRN providers premium rate numbers Audio text solutions gats team audio text team IPRN premuim rate primium rate numbers preium rate numbers premium rate numbers IVP gats blog audio text solutions blog text solutions blog iprn blog dprn blog premium rate numbers blog international premium rate numbers blog gats contact audio text solutions contact iprn premium rate premium rate numbersgats contact info audio text solutions contact info car paint spray  car spray paints  aerosol spray paint for cars  paint remover  paint remover for metal  spray paint  spray paint cans  plasti dip spray  rubber spray paint for cars  tyre polish  tyre cleaner  bike paint  bike spray paints  spray paint for metal  Foamy cleaner  Brake and Parts cleaner spray paint  aerosol spray paint  metallic spray paint  spray paint for metal  spray paint for plastic  primer spray paint  metal spray paint  cheap spray paint  automotive spray paint  acrylic spray paint  normal spray paint rubber paint  rubber spray  rubber spray paint  rubber paint for cars  rubber coating spray  rubber coating paint  rubber coating for metal  spray paint for cars  rubber paint spray  spray rubber coating  rubber spray coating  best removable spray paints paint remover india  paint remover spray  aerosol spray paint  spray paint for cars  automotive spray paint  tyre polish  tyre cleaner  bike spray paints  paint remover  Spray cleaners  Best Spray cleaners  Spray cleaners in Delhi bluetooth speakersportable speakers5.1 speakersmini bluetooth speakerpc speakersportable speakerbookshelf speakersloudest bluetooth speakerWooden Speakersbig speakersoutdoor speakersspeaker with pendrive supportoutdoor bluetooth speakerssurround sound speakerswireless computer speakerswireless rear speakerswireless surround soundbluetooth speakerswireless speakersmobile speakersportable speakers5.1 speakerswifi speakersportable bluetooth speakersbest speakersbest portable speakersCommercial Photography  Automated Product Photography  WinBiz 360 degree turntable  Best Automated Product Photography  Automated Product Photography in india  Automated Product Photography in delhi  automatic photography  WinBiz 3D  Winbiz  360 photography  automatic photography  ecommerce product photography  3d photography  commercial photography  product photoshoot  corporate photography  winbiz lightbox  winbiz 3d auto-imaging system  3d photography  commercial photography  360 photography  winbiz in india  winbiz in delhi  winbiz  win biz  professional photography studio  commercial photography  product photoshoot  catalogs emendation  corporate photography  product photography  3 axis gimbal  uo online  trio  uoplay  gimbal dslr  dslr gimbal  3 axis gimbal dslr  3 axis gimbal stabilizer  gopro gimbal  gimbal for gopro  handheld gimbal  gimbal dslr  gimbal gopro  gimbal camera trio  the trio  trio website  3d trio camera  buy best trio gimbal  best trio gimbal buy  trio gimbal at best price  trio gimbal price  trio gimbal price in india  Gimbal In India  Gimbal for iphones  uo online  uoplayer  smartphone gimbal stabilizer  uoplay gimbal  handheld camera stabilizer  uoplay  3 axis gimbal for smartphone  iphone gopro gimbal  3 axis gimbal stabilizer  handheld gimbal stabilize  steady gimbal voip service providers  voip billing system  voip billing software  wholesale routes  voip billing solutions  itel mobile dialer   auto dialer  predictive dialer   call dialer   voip dialer  phone dialler  dialer system  auto dialer system   voip auto dialer  quick dialer  dialer voip  soft switches softswitch  sip softswitch  softswitches  soft switches  best soft switches  soft switches services  soft switches service  best soft switches services  voip service providers  voip billing system  voip billing software  voip south africa  voip phone solutions  voip providers in south africa  voip secutiry solutions  voip phones south africa  voip for business  voip solutions for business  Wholesale Voip Provider  Voip Termination  VOIP Trunk  Sip trunk  Sip gateway  voip business  wholesale routes  voip routes provider  voip wholesale  wholesale service provider  voip wholesale  wholesale az voip termination   wholesale voip termination provider  wholesale termination  voip wholesale rates  voip wholesale carrier  business voip provider  voip business  wholesale routes  voip routes provider  call termination business  voip termination business  wholesale voip business  wholesale routes  Sip trunk  Sip gateway  wholesale voip provider  voip termination business  voip termination process  sip trunking  voip trunk  voip termination provider  voip for call center  voip termination provider  voip termination  wholesale voip termination provider  wholesale voip termination services  wholesale az voip termination  voip call termination  call termination  Wholesale Service for Call Center VOIP  Wholesale Voip Provider  wholesale Voip Termination  wholesale voip services  voip wholesale services  voip wholesale rates Calls VUinternational premium rate numbersIPRNDPRNRedirecting ServicesIVS Services about calls vuPremium Rate numbersIPRNDPRNInternational Premium Rate NumbersIVR ServicesIPRN PaymentsIPRN ServicesDPRN Servicesiprn questions and answerscontact us for iprnVPS HostingManaged vps hosting Windows vps Dedicated server hosting Virtual server hosting Cloud web hosting Localstorage Webstorage Storage server Website hosting Windows hosting Cheap web hostingLinux hosting Linux vps hosting VPS Hosting Virtual Server Hostin  SD VPS Server  Windows VPS  Windows VPS Hosting  Cheap Linux VPS  SSD VPS Server  SSD Hosting  Managed VPS Hosting Data storage  Cloud based storage Secure cloud storage Storage server Server storage Ssd server Online cloud storagePrivate cloud storage Dedicated server hosting Best dedicated server hosting Managed dedicated server Windows dedicated server Dedicated hosting server Linux Dedicated Server Hosting Managed dedicated hosting Dedicated server hosting plansLinux hosting Linux web hosting Linux vps hosting Linux server hosting Linux virtual server hosting Linux hosts Web hosting Website hosting Best web hosting Web hosting services Cheap web hosting Best hostingWindows hosting Web hosting usa Malware detection Web malware detection Malware detection online Online web malware detection Malware scanner for website Online website malware scanner SSL Certificate Online SSL Certificates sitelock sitelock cdn sitelock malware scanner sitelock domain security sitelock firewall sitelock infinitysitelock malware scanner reviewData migration services Data migration Email migration services Website migration services Email migration Website Protection HostguardWebsite data protection Best website protection Website protection service Buy Hostguard
  46. beibei lal bei | Apr 10, 2018
    I can't be considered a good boy,cheap oakley sunglasses but I didn't think ugg boots so when I was young.Coach Outlet I like to mont blanc climb high, bold,Adidas Shoes Outlet and I am extremely happy with the true religion trees in polo ralph lauren the room.coach outlet online When I was in Coach Factory Outlet Online fourth grade,Coach Outlet Online I dropped out of elementary Coach Outlet Online Store school due to the Coach Handbags Outlet Cultural Revolution,Fitflop Sandals but when I was Ray Ban Sunglasses still in the Coach Outlet Store fifth and Salomon Outlet sixth grades,nike shoes I was still swinging Nike Outlet Store in the Yuhong Nike Outlet Elementary Michael Kors US School Pandora Charms campus of the Cheap UGGS Air Force adidas nmd compound.Swarovski Jewelry I was very familiar Coach Bags Outlet with the school and Ralph Lauren Outlet I was very familiar longchamp with the teaching jordan shoes 11 building.
     There are several Coach Outlet Store large banyan ugg boots for women trees on the cheap jerseys sale school grounds.Air Jordan Shoes I am very sure that it is a banyan tree. It is particularly attractive because of Coach Outlet Online the cash owed from Mont blanc Pens the trees every spring.Adidas NMD Mens Saving money Coach Outlet is commonly known michael kors outlet as the fruit of ray ban outlet the banyan tree.Moncler sale It can be coach outlet store eaten directly,Polo Ralph Lauren Outlet sweet and delicious,oakley sunglasses and it will be swarovski jewelry fine to eat Timberland Boots as much as possible.red bottom heels Later I learned that ray ban sunglasses sale money or medicine,cheap jerseys baseball spleen and stomach Ugg Boots save money can be cooked to eat,ray ban sunglasses steamed porridge or ugg boots factory even make north face outlet soup to trap.ray ban eyeglasses In the spring Ugg Australia of that year,Polo Ralph Lauren the first pandora rings thing to go to canada goose jackets school Moncler Outlet every day is to oakley sunglasses look up at the Christian Louboutin Shoes big banyan tree and wait Moncler Jacket Outlet for the full tree season.
     At that time,nike air max the sports the north face Jackets facilities canada goose on the school Cheap Uggs playground oakley sunglasses were mostly authentic nfl jerseys based on local conditions.Oakley Sunglasses The eucalyptus trees Coach Outlet Store generally Oakley Sunglasses grew to oakley outlet look like seven.coach outlet online The older the trees were,Burberry Outlet the oldest banyan adidas yeezy boost 750 tree was tied with a Coach Factory Outlet thick iron core New Balance on the neck.Canada Goose Let us practice Cheap Asics Shoes climbing.Christian Louboutin Outlet Most of the pupils Christian Louboutin did not climb adidas yeezy boost 350 v2 to the top.nba jerseys I could,swarovski jewelry when my best arm Cheap Jordans 11 was able to ugg outlet pull it up Polo Outlet to the top,Cheap Oakley Sunglasses I looked down Cheap Jordans on my envious true religion jeans classmates and I was Michael Kors Handbags proud of myself.Michael Kors Handbags The so-called nhl jerseys sale“dry pullout” Red Bottom Shoes means no force Pandora Bracelet on the legs or feet,coach purses outlet online no cramping, only use Ugg Outlet Online The arm pulls up,Adidas Outlet alternates polo outlet right and left,Coach Cyber Monday rises rapidly,Ray-Ban Sunglasses Outlet and is highly Salomon Shoes Outlet visually pleasing.
     When I climb to the top,longchamp bags I can turn tory burch outlet stores over the tree.moncler jackets outlet After riding tory burch shoes on the tree,Skechers ride on the trunk and then move it Ray Ban Sunglasses forward to Michael Kor Outlet Online the tree squat.Michael Kors Handbags Then look around and ray ban eyeglasses watch where the money is plump,Oakley Sunglasses and where cheap true religion outlet I can take my weight. At this time,Coach Factory Outlet the students Cheap Ugg under the tree Coach Outlet online will repeatedly throw a Air Max 90 bamboo stick until Kate Spade I catch it.Stuart Weitzman Pumps I used this Coach Factory Outlet bamboo basket to Ray Ban Outlet Store fight for money.longchamp When a bunch of money came down,Timberland Outlet I always pandora jewelry charms accompanied true religion outlet store my childhood north face companions to The North Face Outlet cheer from my heart. Nowadays,Michael Kors Handbags Outlet few people Cheap Christian Louboutin buy clothes Cheap Oakley for clothes.Coach Outlet Stores Even if they order clothes,north face outlet they go directly to ugg boots the clothing store,Asics Shoes tailor their clothes,ray ban canada and select samples for customization.Ralph Lauren Outlet Online As for the fabrics,Cheap nba jerseys the clothing store Cheap NBA Jerseys will provide samples,Ugg boots a thick one and a Coach Handbags Outlet small one.Michael Kors Handbags Feng Qi from the people,ED Hardy Shoes which block material nike outlet store stores will cut a cheap oakley outlet small block Tory Burch Outlet for you to check,nike outlet and then Michael Kors Handbags immediately under armour shoes calculate the price.Prada Outlet After a few days,nike air max pas cher try it once The North Face Outlet and then make a Ugg Boots Clearance symbolic change.
     In the past,montblanc pen clothing was red bottom heels more common Coach Outlet than clothing.nba jerseys shop The reason was uggs outlet that it was cheaper to make clothes, and to go to a cloth shop adidas nmd runner to pull a uggs outlet piece of cloth,Coach outlet it was natural Prada Handbags for people to figure out canada goose outlet how much swarovski jewelry material to use.moncler jackets I remember that for a Ed Hardy Outlet single fabric to be cheap jordan shoes made of pants,adidas yeezy boost I need to timberland shoes buy two trousers.coach outlet store online It is enough to Polo Ralph Lauren Shirts buy two tommy hilfiger pairs of pants.Ray Ban Outlet Store But when I was young,Valentino Outlet I rarely bought chaussures louboutin double-stranded material longchamp because the Michael Kors Outlet Store Online double-sided fabric fitflops sale clearance was mostly a nike air max woolen material Ray Ban Sunglasses and was one Coach Factory Outlet Store grade higher Ray Ban Sunglasses Outlet than the fabric.
     The cloth shop was once the warmest Giuseppe Zanotti Shoes scene in cheap nike shoes the city.Cheap Jordans The colored fabrics uggs outlet were sorted and arranged according to oakley sunglasses the price of the Michael Kors Factory Outlet material used.michael kors outlet online The one on the ground cheap air Jordan was a good one.sac longchamp pliage When the customer New Balance Outlet looked at Polo Ralph Lauren the fabric,skechers the salesperson Ray Ban outlet pulled the Michael Kors Outlet cloth out of the rack.Coach Outlet Online Flatten to the surface The North Face Outlet of the counter, let the guests think ralph lauren again for a while,canada goose outlet online when the customer Adidas Yeezy Shoes is determined to buy,Adidas Shoes Outlet the salesman Jordan Shoes hands hold air jordan shoes a wooden Ray-Ban Sunglasses Outlet ruler or vans shoes tape measure one foot under armour shoes to one foot,Fitflops Sale Clearance after the amount moncler jackets outlet of good use of Timberland Outlet sheet-like chalk Converse Outlet to draw together, and then let Polo Ralph Lauren out After three minutes and the verbal approval of the guests,Coach Factory Outlet Online the blade trimmed Vans Shoes with the edge of Nike Outlet the wooden Christian Louboutin Outlet ruler gently Christian Louboutin Outlet cuts and tears,red bottom heels and a very Coach Outlet special kind of Salvatore Ferragamo Shoes movement is burberry sale repeated through Coach Outlet the cloth shop,Kate Spade Handbags Outlet full of joy.
  47. ahmed adham | Apr 09, 2018
    شركة كشف تسربات بالرياضكشف تسربات المياهشركة كشف تسربات المياهكشف تسرباتشركة كشف تسربات المياه بالرياض كشف تسربات المياه بالرياضشركة رش مبيدات بالرياضشركة رش مبيداترش مبيدات بالرياضرش مبيداترش مبيدشركة مكافحة حشرات بالرياضمكافحة حشراتشركة مكافحة حشراتشركة تخزين عفش بالرياضشركة تخزين اثاث بالرياضشركة تخزين بالرياضتخزين عفش بالرياضمستودعات تخزين اثاثمستودعات تخزين عفشمستودعات تخزين اثاث بالرياضمستودعات تخزين عفش بالرياضعزل خزانات بالرياضعزل خزاناتشركة عزل خزانات بالرياضشركة عزل خزاناتشركة عزل فوم شركة عزل فوم بالرياضشركة تخزين عفشعزل فوم بالرياضعزل فومعزل بولي ايثيلينعزل بولي يوريثانعزل بولي ايثيانشركة عزل بالرياضشركة عزل اسطح بالرياضعزل اسطحعزل الاسطحشركة عزل اسطحعزل مائيشركة عزل مائيشركة عزل مائي بالرياضعزل مائي بالرياضشركة نقل عفش بالرياضنقل عفش بالرياضشركة نقل عفشنقل عفششركة نقل اثاث بالرياضنقل اثاثشركة تنظيف بالرياض افضل شركة تنظيف بالرياض اسعار شركة تنظيف بالرياض ارقام شركة تنظيف بالرياض اسعار شركات تنظيف بالرياضشركة تنظيف منازل بالرياضاسعار شركة تنظيف منازل بالرياضارخص اسعار شركة تنظيف منازل بالرياضــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــشركة تنظيف بابهاشركة تنظيف منازل بابهاافضل شركة تنظيف مجالس بابهاــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــشركة تنظيف خزانات بالرياضتنظيف خزاناتغسيل خزاناتـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــكشف تسربات المياه بالدمامشركة كشف تسربات المياه بالدمامافضل شركة كشف تسربات المياه بالدمامــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــhttps://www.5admat.com/detect-water-leaks-inc.htmlكشف تسربات المياه بالرياضشركة كشف تسربات المياه بالرياضكشف تسربات المياهشركة كشف تسربات بالرياضافضل شركة كشف تسربات المياه بالرياضـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــشركة تنظيف بالمدينة شركة تنظيف بالمدينة المنورةشركة تنظيف بخميسشركة تنظيف منازل بخميس مشيطشركة تنظيف بخميس مشيطــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــشركة نقل اثاث نقل اثاث بالرياضارخص شركة نقل عفش بالرياضشركة نقل عفش بالرياضشركة نقل اثاث بالرياض كشف تسربات المياه كشف تسربات المياه بالرياض شركة كشف تسربات المياه بالرياض افضل شركة كشف تسربات المياه بالرياض شركة تنظيف بالرياض شركة تنظيف منازل بالرياض شركة تنظيف بابها شركة تنظيف منازل بابها شركة تنظيف بخميس مشيط شركة تنظيف منازل بخميس مشيط نقل اثاث نقل عفش شركة نقل اثاث شركة نقل عفش شركة نقل اثاث بالرياض شركة نقل عفش بالرياض ارخص شركة نقل اثاث بالرياض ارخص شركة نقل عفش بالرياض نقل اثاث بالرياض نقل عفش بالرياض اسعار شركة نقل عفش اسعار نقل اثاث بالرياض شركة مكافحة حشرات بالرياض مكافحة حشرات بالرياض اسعار مكافحة حشرات بالرياض ارقام شركات مكافحة حشرات بالرياض مكافحة حشرات شمال الرياض رش مبيدات رش مبيد رش مبيدات بالرياض رش مبيدات حشرية افضل شركة رش افضل شركة رش مبيدات شركة رش مبيدات شركة رش مبيدات بالرياض شركات رش مبيد اسعار رش مبيد اسعار رش مبيدات بالرياض افضل شركة رش مبيدات بالرياض مكافحة حشرات بجازان شركة مكافحة حشرات بجازان حشرات بجازان مكافحة بابها شركة مكافحة بابها شركة مكافحة حشرات بابها مكافحة حشرات بحائل شركة مكافحة حشرات بحائل افضل شركة مكافحة حشرات بحائل تنظيف موكيت شركة تنظيف موكيت شركة تنظيف موكيت بالرياض تنظيف بالدمام شركة تنظيف بالدمام شركة تنظيف منازل بالدمام شركة تنظيف شقق بالدمام تنظيف بالمدينة المنورة شركة تنظيف منازل بالمدينة المنورة شركة تنظيف شقق بالمدينة المنورة شركة تنظيف فلل بالمدينة المنورة شركة تنظيف كنب بالمدينة المنورة تنظيف مجالس شركة تنظيف مجالس شركة تنظيف مجالس بالرياض شركة تنظيف مجالس شرق الشرق شركة تنظيف مجالس شمال الرياض

    تنظيف شقق - شركة تنظيف شقق - شركة تنظيف شقق بالرياض غسيل خزانات - تنظيف خزانات - شركة غسيل خزانات - تعقيم خزانات - شركة تعقيم خزانات - شركة تنظيف خزانات بالرياض - شركة غسيل خزانات بالرياض - شركة تعقيم خزانات بالرياض شركة تنظيف خزانات بالمدينة المنورة- تنظيف خزانات بالمدينة المنورة- غسيل خزانات بالمدينة المنورة

    شركة تنظيف فلل بالرياض - تنظيف فلل - تنظيف فلل بالرياض - شركات تنظيف فلل بالرياض

    ترميم منازل - شركة ترميم منازل - شركة ترميم منازل بالرياض - افضل شركة ترميم بالرياض- ترميم فلل - شركة ترميم فلل - شركة ترميم فلل بالرياض

    تخزين عفش - تخزين اثاث - شركة تخزين اثاث - شركة تخزين عفش - شركة تخزين اثاث بالرياض - شركة تخزين عفش بالرياض - اسعار تخزين اثاث - سعر تخزين الاثاث - افضل شركة تخزين اثاث بالرياض - تخزين اثاث بالرياض - تخزين عفش بالرياض - نقل وتخزين اثاث بالرياض

    نقل عفش بابها - شركة نقل عفش بابها - شركة نقل اثاث بخميس مشيط - شركة نقل اثاث بابها - نقل اثاث بخميس مشيط

    نقل عفش بجدة - شركة نقل عفش بجدة - نقل اثاث بجدة - شركة نقل اثاث بجدة

  48. wilsonamelie | Apr 07, 2018
    Nice Post..!! 
    Printer.
  49. wilsonamelie | Apr 07, 2018

    Nice Post...!!!

    http://ukdth.com/blog/preventive-measures-from-ransomware
  50. pnr status | Apr 07, 2018

    Leave a comment

    • Who should be responsible for your Event's Registration Site?

      by Pierre Chew | Oct 07, 2012
      Since we are in the business of providing Event Registration solutions, this is a question that I have often wrestled with.  I am now posing it to you now, my readers, to chime and let me know who you would like do it?

      Is this a task for the Event Planners?  A task for your IT department?  A task for a consultant or third party specialist?

      We've all seen the slick demos, in fact we have we have one as well.  Three clicks and you have a registration web site.  Except for those of us who have actually had to deliver the site, you quickly realize that yes technically you have a registration web site, but there is a whole bunch of work and thought that needs to be done afterwards to configure it to your Event's specific needs. 

      Once you have the base setup, except for the simplest of events where you are just providing ticketing, you still have to wrestle with:
      • writing the content and laying it out in a professional easy to read manner
      • deciding on a navigation structure
      • setting up payment rules, promo codes
      • detereming the different registration tracts and configuring the system to handle it
      • Importing contact information for event marketing efforts
      • Deciding on reporting requirements and designing and writing the reports
      • Setting up access rules for the various users who will need access to event management data
      • Integrating with third party vendors who may be providing mobile apps for the event
      • and this is only the beginning...
      The solutions of today have gone a long way in handling the tedious details with managing an event, but until everyone decides to offer the exact same event, in exactly the same way, they are not going to be able to eliminate the thought that needs to go into setting up and configuring these systems.  

      So my question is, who do you usually assign this task to on your team?  

      My experience is that the standard Event Planner will attempt it once but will look to off load it after that.  They just don't have the time as they are already spread too thin just planning the event.  This is a task that requires a fixed block of time and a commitment to on going training.

      My second guess is that for those of you lucky enough to have in house IT resources, your IT Department is who you probably turn to.  For those of you who don't have internal IT resources, one of your team may end up developing a specialty in handling this task.  

      For the rest of you, you may rely on an outside organization to handle this for you.

      I have put together a quick poll that can be found here that you can answer and see the results. 

      Take Poll
    • To Outsource or Not? That is the question...

      by Pierre Chew | Sep 13, 2012
      I am not only the CEO of a company that provides services to other companies but I am also a small business owner.  And as a small business owner I am constantly faced with the question of when to develop the expertise to provide a particular service in-house and when to out-source it.  

      The pros of keeping the service in-house is that you have more control over it since the employees providing it report directly to you.  The cons are, that you carry the fixed costs of those salaries regardless of demand for that service.  In addition, the skills required to provide that service may not be compatible with your company's core skill set leading to a diversion in your employee's career goals.  

      After thinking about this a lot and reading up on it, I have come to the following simple rules when determining whether I should oursource a particular service or not.

      1. How frequently is the service needed?  - What I mean by this is the frequency with which the service is required.  If the service is required infrequently, and especially if the requirements for the service would not take up a full head count's time, this service is a good candidate for being outsourced.
      2. How core is the service to the Business? - What I mean by this is how important is the service to the business?  For example, take payroll.  Every business has to provide this service, but providing this service at a high level is not a differentiator in the service you provide to your clients.  There still might be other good reasons to handle payroll in house (if you have very particular payroll requirements that an outside provider cannot handle), however it is an example of service that is at least worth considering for outsourcing.
      3. How compatible is the skillset of the individuals needed to provide the service with the skills required to provide my core services?  - As someone who has been in business for a long time, one of the most important qualities of a company is its culture.  It is the heartbeat and the raison d'etre that allows you to provide the service that differentiates your company from your competitors.  It is my experience that one of the requirements to having a strong culture is fairness. Everyone needs to be treated in an equal and fair manner.  The challenge with this is that if individuals with different skill-sets have developed different expectations on what they expect their work environment to provide.  A good example of this is with technology.  Years of Silicon Valley start-up culture perks have caused a certain level of expectation from the best technology engineers regarding their work environment perks.  The challenge is that not every industry has profit margins that can justify those perks.  So if you are considering making technology services part of your core offering, you have a choice to make. 
        1. Don't hire the best engineers as they will likely not have the expectations for those work environment perks.  The challenge being that you will run the risk of offering a lower level of technology services to your clients than are being offered by competitors.
        2. Offer those perks at work, but only to those engineers.  The challenge being that you will now have introduced class warfare into your work environment and run the risk of having a fractured work culture. 
        3. Offer those perks to everyone.  The challenge being that your profit margins will be diminished by having to offer perks that your competitors may not be offering.
      4. How long will it take to develop an expertise in the service? - The reason this is important is that the business opportunity that is forcing the need to provide this service may not be around long enough for you to be able to develop the expertise to offer the service yourself.  
      5. Can we realistically this service at the same high level as our competitors or our client's expectations? - All of the above points are moot if you can't deliver the service to your client's expectations.  Your client doesn't care if you provide it in-house or out source it, they just need it to be executed to their expectations.  
      6. If we do want to be able to provide the service in house but one or more of the above questions make it tricky, can we develop a strategy that will allow us to get the best of both worlds? - In this scenario you may have concluded that is it a service that is worth being able to offer in house, but it is risky this time around trying to provide it yourself.  Can you take steps to partner with an outside vendor that will take responsibility this time around for delivering the service but will allow you to begin learning it so that eventually you can provide it yourself in house.

      So there you have it.  The six core questions I ask myself when faced with the need to incorporate a new service into my business.  I do not profess that this list is all encompassing or complete as there are countless additional questions you can ask yourself that have not been included here.  The reason I have chosen to include these six questions is just that in the years that I have been in business I have found these six to provide me with the best guidance when tackling this particular dilemma.  

    • The challenges of using new technology for an event

      by Pierre Chew | Sep 13, 2012

      As I mentioned in a pervious post, one of the biggest challenges faced by introducing technology into your event is the concept of an event. An event, is a moment in time. Months, sometimes years, or time and resources are spent preparing for that moment in time. It does not matter if something is fixed the day after the event, it only matters whether it worked for the specific event.

      Technology can used in several different aspects of the event. It can be used in the planning stages, the managment stages and in actual execution of the event.

      Technology can be used to lower your operational costs by lowering the number of man power hours, reducing printing costs, reducing communication costs. It can also be used to improve the experience of the attendee.

      An event is like putting together a live production rather than putting together a movie.

      Conclusions

      The best time to introduce new technology into either your planning or event management processes, is not when you are planning or managing an event. This may seem obvious, but the number or times that they has been attempted with ill results is outstanding. If you do decide tha tyou must integrate the new technology, usually because the client demands it, we have found the best strategy is to partner with someone who has done it before. This will give you the opportunity to learn how the technology works and decide if you wish to incorporate it into your days to day operations.

    • Facing today's staffing challenges

      by Pierre Chew | Sep 13, 2012

      Headcount is usually a fixed cost

      Delegation

    • The challenges of being an event planner

      by Pierre Chew | Sep 13, 2012

      If you are an event planner, let me start by saying that I am blown away by what you do. You see, I am not an event planner. I am outsider to this industry.

      The amount of details that you must track and timeline that you must manage is incredible. If I am being honest with myself, I am more of a uni tasker. I can't imagine being able to juggle the amount of items you have to juggle.

      If you want a less stressful job, you might consider becoming a software project manager. Much less details to deal with.

      But I digress, the challenges as I see them.

      Lots of balls in the air

      Communicating with your clients and your team

      Uncertainty associated with your plan

      Changing direction mid stream

      Like a general contractor, overseeing losts of aspects

      Challenging to become a specialist

      That is why as a technology service provider I am constantly faced with the following question. Who am I building these tools for? Are they for event planners, their support team or us?

      Let's look at that for a moment because that question alone affects a great deal about the tool being designed. Software at its core is just a tool. Like a hammer or a chisel. It is designed to help you perform a task. Like hammer a nail or massage a piece of granite. But just like with the art of sculpturing, the same chisel in my hands as the one in Michael Angelos hands, will not produce the same out come.

      The question becomes when building a tool, how much training will your target audience need to be effective? How will you administer this training? How often will their training need to be updated? Do they have the time for the training, and more importantly do they have the time to perform this new task?

    • The challenges of online registration

      by Pierre Chew | Sep 13, 2012

      While is strange to think about this now, onlne registration was one of the first technical services offered to the industry. And while a lot of new features and functionlaity has been added to it in the last few years, it is still a challenge to execute seamlessly.

      Custom attendee shopping experience
      They are purchasing their experience.

      Know your attendees. Different attendees will have differenet levels of patience as well as famililarity with technology.

      Remember, they are doing you a favor. They are entering in their order manually so that you have don't have to hire someone to take it over the phone or by fax.

    • Computers vs Humans, whose better?

      by Pierre Chew | Sep 13, 2012
      This is a question that has been explored to death in science fiction books and movies.  The point of this article is not to explore the philosophical aspects of this idea a-la "Blade Runner".  

      Rather I am approaching this from the very mundane view point of a small business owner.  Since the service we provide our clients is a mix of services provided by computers and humans, I find that it is important to understand the strengths and weaknesses for each so as to place them in the best position to succeed.  

      Before I delve into this I just want to say that my points here will apply to those of us who do not have access to the latest artificial intelligence machines.  The machines that are being built by Big Blue and can compete at Jeopardy are challenging humans in a whole new way.  However, at this point in time, most of us do not have budgets that would allow us to entertain employing Artificial Intelligence systems, so what I have included below will apply.  

      So let's start with the obvious.  What types of tasks are better performed by computers than by humans?  
      1. Memory / Storage Tasks - This one is semi obvious.  Computers have infinite amount of memory while most humans can't remember what they did yesterday. Think of what your computer stores on it's hard disk or what google is able to bring up instantly, and there really is no comparison.  There is no human in the world that can compete with how much information a computer can store and instantly access.  If the task is memory or storage intensive, have a computer do it.
      2. Clearly Defined Tasks - This one may be obvious as well.  Computers can repeat the same exact set of steps perfectly every time.  If you have a machine pitching a ball, and a machine hitting a ball, and they are calibrated to hit home runs.  These machines will hit more home runs more consistently than Barry Bonds or Mark McGuire ever could.
      3. Repetitive Tasks - This one is a little less obvious so it is worth mentioning.  Computers can repeat a clearly defined task infinitely while the average human's mind will start to get bored and to make mistakes after 8 repetitions or so.  This is such a problem that Airlines are constantly having to come up with new ways to keep pilots fresh and alert on long flights.  
      So if computers are better than humans with these types of tasks, what types of tasks are humans better than computers?
      1. Not Clearly Defined Tasks - If a task is not clearly defined and is therefore fluid or requiring intuition or experience to successfully complete, humans have got the upper hand on non AI (Artificial Intelligence) computers of today.  That is because humans can create new rules on the fly to adjust to new situations while your standard non AI computer cannot.
      2. Tasks that Requires Reading Others Emotions (empathy) - Again, this may change in the near future, but as of today your average run of the mill server or computer cannot easily read someone's emotion to the same level as your average human.  So tasks that require adjusting to another humans' emotions can still be better performed by humans.  Believe it or not, that insensitive overseas Air Agent who does not understand your particular predicament is still doing a better job than could be performed by an automated system. 
      So, why should any of this be of the slightest interest to you?  Well, if you are ever faced with the decision of whether a particular task within your business or event is worth automating and therefore being performed by a computer, a little reflection on what it takes to perform that task, combined with these rules will hopefully give you the obvious answer as to the best course of action.
    • When is it not worth automating a task?

      by Pierre Chew | Sep 13, 2012

      As much as I am fan of automation, you may be suprised to find that the answer is not "always".

    • Interesting mobile trends

      by Pierre Chew | Sep 13, 2012
    • Realistic goals for introducing new technology

      by Pierre Chew | Sep 13, 2012

      I find this to be an interesting and not so obvious question. Having come through the dot com boom and seen technology used to do almost anything (and watching them get funding for it), I have come to the following list of simple goals that I think are truly achievable by technology.

      automate

      simplify

      lower operational costs

      improve attendee experience

    • What makes the event industry so (challenging) unique?

      by Pierre Chew | Sep 13, 2012

      In my third decade of life, I have come to the following realization and that I have gone through distinct stages (and I assume that everyone my age has done so as well).

      The first stage is when we begin to discover the world. At this stage, we are struck by how different everything is. Apples, Oranges, Grapes. They are all have different colors and taste differently.

      By the second stage, we begin to see the pattern of the world and similarities begin to emerge. Apples, Oranges, Grapes, these are all just variation of a fruit. So we start to see everything as just being the same. We are struck by how a simple set of rules can be used to generate what on the surface seems like such a variety of fruit. They require similar things to go and go through similar stages in life.

      The third stage, the stage that I am currently in, we start to appreciate that the smallest differences can have the biggest outcomes. And it is these smallest differences that make all the difference. We share 99.8% of our DNA with chimps. And yet, here we are having completely expand to every corner of the earth, and they are still relegated to the African continent.

      In the four years I have been running this company, and the 10 years that I have been affiliated with this industry, I can say that I have reached stage 3. While on the surface your industry appears to be very similar to other industries, the subtle differences end up making all the difference.

      Concept of an Event

      An event is a moment in time. That may seem obvious to all of you, but the profoundness of this idea took me a while to understand. It is like a dinner. The value of the service is different before and after that moment in time. This is different then the case for providing a technology services for other industries. In every other industry, it is expected that there might be bugs with a particular service the first time it is exposed to the public. Even Apple, considered by many to provide the best user experience out there, has to release patch updates to address short comings in its technology platform. And unless the bug is completely cripling, like you can't use your phone, you will grin and bear it until the patch is released.

      This is completely different with the expectation placed on technology services for a particular event. The value of that service only exists for the specific event. It does not matter if you solve the problem the day after the event, it only matters whether the problem existed during the event.

      You have to understand how strange an idea that is for a technology person. We are usually tasked with bulding for the future, continutally improving on what was done before. When technology is offerered for an event, the value of not having any problems today greatly out weights the ability to build upon that technology tomorrow.

      So what does that mean? Well it means you design your solutions differently and you allocate your resources and time differently. For starters, QA ends up being much more important. you end up with a larger percentage of QA engineers then you do for traditional projects. You also have to be very diciplined with your feature selection. The question no longer is whether the feature might be useful in the future, but whether it is absolutely critical for the user experience at the specific event. It also makes you much more conservative in your design and implementation. Since "any" mistake always trumps "nice to have".

    • When to consider delegating?

      by Pierre Chew | Sep 13, 2012

      This is a question I am sure everyone has come across at some point in their career. At what point does teaching someone else to perform a task outweigh "fine, it will be faster to just do it myself"?

      I have had to think about this question quite a bit, not just because of my role as CEO of my company, but because when deciding on the product road-map you find yourself going through a similar decision making process.  

      What do I mean by that?  Well software for all its glory is nothing more than a series of instructions that are to be executed by a computer.  And you can think of a computer as the world's dumbest intern.  It has no prior work history, intuition or experience to rely on when making decisions on how to perform a task.  Everything it does, I mean everything, has to be explicitly laid out for it in the form of source code.  

      So as you can see when deciding on whether to add a particular feature or to automate a particular task, I always ask myself, is this something that I could delegate to the world's dumbest intern?

      So after many years of thinking about this question, I have found a few questions that provide me with some guidance into how best to proceed.  Listed below are these questions.  

      1. Is the task repeatable? This one should be obvious. If the task is not repeatable, meaning that you will not have to do it again, it will be faster for you to perform it yourself then to teach someone to do it once.
      2. What is the frequency with which this task will be performed? Again, if the frequency is low, it may not make sense to delegate this to another individual. Especially if the task requires some level of frequency for someone to remember how to do it. No point in teaching someone how to do something and then having them forget it because they don't need to do it very often.
      3. How repeatable is the task?  Meaning is the task exactly the same everything single time or does it require some level of intuition, experience or decision making to be able to execute correctly repeatedly.  Tasks that can be clearly defined and require very little decision making are going to be easier to delegate since the outcome will be more predictable. Tasks that are more variable in nature will be more dependent on the skills of the individual that you are delegating too and will require a learning period during which that individual will need room to make mistakes.
      4. What sort of work load does this individual already have? Computers and Humans have a fixed amount of bandwidth (time), and switching between types of tasks has an opportunity cost as it requires the individual time to get setup and prepare to perform that task. 
      Again, I do not profess that this list is all encompassing or complete.  Only that these questions have provided me with the best guidance when dealing with this particular dilemma.
    • Repeateable vs Non-Repeateable Events

      by Pierre Chew | Sep 13, 2012

      I wanted to take a moment to point out some differences between Repeatable and Non-Repeatable events. The differences are actually substantial enough that it does bear discussing.  

      What am I defining as a repeatable event? A Repeatable event is an event that is repeated on a specific frequency. It can be yearly, quarterly or monthly. It does not matter the frequency, it just matters that the large portion of the meeting or event is repeatable from one time to the next.

      Similarly a non-repeatable event is one in which the event is never to be repeated.  Once in a life time Incentive Trips to Greece are good examples.  You know, the events designed to blow your attendees away. 

      So why does this repetitive nature of this meeting make a difference? Because as I discussed in my previous posts (When to consider delegating) regarding what sorts of tasks are worth automating, a repetitive meeting lends itself more to the benefits of automation then a non-repetitive meeting. This is simply because there is a benefit to figuring out today how to do it faster, easier and more predictably, since tomorrow (or some point in the future), you will have to do it again.

      While there is a cost in both time and money to automating a task, it rarely makes sense to attempt to fully automate a meeting or even the first time around.  Rather my strategy is to identify a few new tasks each time the meeting or event is offered that are to be automated.  This allows me to spread the costs of automating the meeting across all the meeting or events as well as ensure that it takes less time and resources every time the meeting is offered.  

    • Scalable vs Non Scalable Services

      by Pierre Chew | Sep 13, 2012
    • "Fixed costs", "Variable Costs" ugly step sister

      by Pierre Chew | Sep 13, 2012

      This article is primary directed to business owners or anyone directly affected by the profitability of providing Event planning services. In this article I am going to talk about the differences between fixed and variable costs. Specifically what they are, why fxied costs are generaly less desirable that their variable counterpart, and some tricks that can be used to try and convert one to the other.

      So first what is a fixed cost? Wikipedia defines the fixed cost in the following manner:

      "In economics, fixed costs are business expenses that are not dependent on the level of goods or services produced by the business.[1] "

      In the event business, examples of fixed costs are rent, utility bills, computer equipment or salaries. The main characteristic being that the size of these costs is irrespective of your sales.

      This is as opposed to a variable cost, which Wikipedia defines in the following manner:

      "Variable costs are expenses that change in proportion to the activity of a business.[1]"

      In the event business, examples of variable costs are per attendee food, lodging or transportation costs.

      At the risk of stating the obvious, the main advantage of a variable costs to a fixed cost is that it goes up and down in lines with your sales. This ensures a direct correlation between the amount of business you are doing and your profitability as well as allows you to get really small (without going out of business), should demand for your services temporarily dry up (cirqua 2008 - 2009).

      So as a small business owner, one who is very conscious of the natural eb and flow of demand, I am always trying to give mysef the greatest flexiblity and chance of success, and one way I try to do that is to continually look at ways of converting my fixed costs to variable costs. Not only does this ensure my profitability, but it also makes it much easier for me to recognize how to correctly price my services. Fixed costs get baked into your general operating expenses and it is easy to not account for them when pricing one's services.

      But I digress. So what is my biggest fixed costs that I am constantly looking at converting to variable cost, salary. Salary and technology. Salary is an obvious one. Man hours are relatively expensive compared to machine hours. Running a machine costs a fraction of the cost an employee does.

      As I stated above, The fixed cost. As a small business owner, oh how I hate you. Why? well for those who remember their accounting, a fixed cost is a cost that is incurred regardless of your use of that service. This is as opposed to a variable cost, that is only incured based on your use for that service.

      As a business owner, you are constantly trying to position yourself to support demand for your services. The beaty of the variable cost, if you have properly priced your services, theoretically your costs go up and down in line with demand for your services. This (again theoretically), ensures that regardless of how much service you are providing, you are always able to provide it at a profit.

      This is different then her ugly step sister, the fixed cost. The fixed cost is sunk regarldess of how much of it is consumed. So regardless of whether you get 5% or 100% utility out of the service, your cost is the same.

      That is why as a small business owner, I am constantly looking at my operational processes and trying innefficiencies in them. Since running anyone a 100% utilitization rate is both impossible and imorall, a better (or some would say realistic strategy) is shooting for a 75% utilization rate to give them the ability to shift up during the unavoidable spikes in demand for their services.

      Fortunately with the advent of online technology services, more and more support services are priced variably. It is probably this single fact alone that has lowered the barrier to starting small business. Upfront fixed costs are the single largest barrier to starting a business.

      Unfortunately the single largest fixed cost out there, and the one that will never go away is labor. Regardless of whether you are paying your employee hourly or by salary, as an employer you must estimate ahead of time how much of that employee's time you are going to purchase, and how to best manage it.

      I then have my managers focus on reviewing their operational procedures and identifying those tasks that can be automated.

      When I successfully convert a fixed cost to a variable cost, I am often reminded of the old Pac Man game when Pac Man successfully gobles up one of the ghosts.

    • Staffing for Registration

      by Pierre Chew | Sep 13, 2012

      In this article I am going to discuss what I consider to be the most efficient way to staff for registration. Listed below are different strategies that you can pursue to balance providing the best possible registration experience for your attendees while minimizing your registration handling costs.

      For the purpose of this article I am going to define Registration as the process of capturing data from attendees to aid in the planning and execution of their event experience. This process can either be handled automatically online or manually offline.

      Since at this point everyone has undoubtedly experienced the cost benefits of automatically processing registrations online, I am going to assume everyone already offers an online registration option and focus on two goals. First, driving as much of the registration process online as possible , and second handling the offline registrations in the most cost-effective manner possible.

      Attendees are like water, they will always go with the option of least resistance. Give them a tedious registration experience and you will suddenly find yourself handling a majority of your registrations offline.

      The goal is not to simply offer online registration, but to offer an online registration that is used by as large a percentage of your attendees as possible. With that goal in mind, the following steps can be taken to improve the percentage of registrations handled online:

      1. Minimize the amount of data entry the attendee has to enter. Remember, they are doing you a favor by entering it in for you instead of asking one of your staff to do it for them. To minimize the amount of data that needs to be entered, do the following:
        • Think through what you absolutely need to collect for your event. Nice to have data should be kept to a minimum. Keep in mind that the attendees expectations are that this is going to be as simple as an online shopping experience. Considering most shopping experiences just require you to enter your credit card and shipping address, you are starting from a disadvantage.
      2. Pre-populate as much of the attendees data as possible. If this means importing data from your internal database to pre-populate the registration records prior to having the attendee register, it is worth it. Also reuse data within the registration process as much as possible. If an attendee has already entered in a shipping address for their event materials, default the credit card address to this address when they go to enter in their payment information.
      3. Make the registration process as linear as possible. The attendee should only be able to go forwards or backwards. This will avoid confusion.
      4. Allow the attendee to know at a glance where they are in the registration process. How far they have gone and how far they need to go. This will help them set their expectations and avoid the "are we there yet?" syndrome.
      5. Allow the attendee to get as many answers to their questions as possible through an easy to navigate event web site. While it is not usually realistic to anticipate all the questions that are going to need to be answered for a particular event, putting in a process by which frequently asked questions can be collected from your registration admins during their handling of offline registrations, can go a long way in reducing the number of future calls related to that same topic.

      Despite the best laid plans of mice and men, for every event a percentage of registrations will have to be handled offline. I will now discuss what I consider to be the most cost-effective way to handle registrations offline.

      To start, my first recommendation is to eliminate real-time phone support. What do I mean by real-time phone support? I am defining real-time phone support as the ability for an attendee to call a phone number and expect to always be able to speak with someone on the other line that can help them with their online registration.

      Get rid of real-time phone support? sacrilege! Before you tar and feather me, let's go through and talk about the real costs associated with providing such a service:

      1. To be able to truly staff for this service you must have enough registration admins on hand to handle the spikes in phone calls, not just the average number of daily calls. So if you have a 7000 person event, it is not unreasonable to think that at some point during the registration process you will get 10 registration calls at the same time. Therefore, to truly be able to provide this service you would have to have 10 registration admins on handle at all times during your regular registration hours.
      2. Having your registration admin organize their time around the attendees schedule is infinitely less efficient than letting your admin's use their experience to organize their time around the demands of the overall workload. By having admin's adjust their schedule to the interruption of handling real-time phone calls, you are making it much more inefficient for them to process an offline registration.
      3. The more administration staff you need to provide, the harder it will invariably be to keep the quality of each staff member consistent throughout your team. I've seen first hand the risks of relying on hiring temp workers to fill your registration team. The problem is not necessarily the competency of these individuals, it's the training, experience and specific knowledge of the event that they bring to the job. This means that even though you may have succeeded in providing your attendee with a warm body on the other end of the phone, you still may have failed in providing them a satisfactory registration experience.

      My last point is that it is my experience that while clients would like to offer their attendees real-time phone support, they rarely want to pay for it. After all, who wants to pay to have 10 individuals on hand answering phones for 3 months? As a result, many service providers offer a watered down service as a loss leader hoping to make a profit on other services.

      So am I advocating no phone support? No, just like in today's age where you would be uncomfortable purchasing a product online if there is no phone number associated with the web site, phone support in some shape or form still makes sense. I just proposed using the following strategies to mitigate its costs:

      First, have your registration admin's keep control over their schedule. Allow them to organize their time in the most efficient manner possible given the current work load. So how does one do this? By setting up the process in a manner similar to how one checks out in a grocery store. By the use of a queue. Rather than bringing our a new registration admin every time an attendee wishes to checkout, have the attendee get in line and the next available registration attendee can handle them.

      So how is this different then when I call for technical support? The big difference is that the request is handled and the attendee is informed that they will be called back when the next attendee is available to handle their request. It is this simple disconnect in the process that brings about the cost savings through the reduction in the staff needed to support offline registrations.

      Your registration staff is then trained to work through the request queue. Tackling the requests one at a time. Ideally some sort of online workflow is set up so that registration staff can see which requests are outstanding and who is working on which requests.

      By staffing yourself this way, you can continue to provide a professional offline registration experience for your attendees while using a registration team that is a fraction of the size of the team you would normally need.

    • LinkedIn Event Technology Groups

      by Pierre Chew | Sep 12, 2012
      Over the years as LinkedIn has continued to expand it's technology offering, I find that I rely more and more on it for my day to day business activities.

      One area that I have really become dependent on is with regards to the LinkedIn Groups.  Especially when you consider what a specialized industry the Event Planning industry is.

      Listed here are the groups that I have found to be very helpful with regards to Event Planning.  I have included them here in case anyone else is looking for which linked in groups might pertain to them. 

      • MPI Emerging Leaders 
      • Association Meetings
      • BizBash—Event Planners Gather 
      • EIBTM 
      • Event Planning & Event Management - the 1st Group for Event Professionals
      • EXHIBITOR 
      • Experiential Advertising & Event Marketing 
      • Global Meetings & Incentive Travel Exchanges 
      • i-Meet - The online community for People Who Plan Meetings & Events 
      • Keep America Meeting 
      • Media & Entertainment Professionals 
      • MPI's International Discussion Group 
      • MPI's Meeting & Event Discussion Group 
      • MPINCC 
      • NAMMATIMES 
      • Networking & Professional Development for Event Planners, Meeting Planners & Event Managers 
      • Offline Affairs | Event Management & Marketing 
      • Professional Convention Management Association (PCMA) - Official Group
      • Professional Convention Management Association Northern California Chapter
      • Social Media and Event Technology for Event Planners and Meeting Planners 
      • Top 20+ 
      • Event Planning Checklists 
      • TRAVEL 
      • Virtual Events & Meeting Technology 
      • Who's Who in Events
      If there are any other groups out there that you rely on for keeping tabs on developments in the industry, please post them as a comment and I will add them to the list.

    • Introduction

      by Pierre Chew | Sep 12, 2012
      Welcome to what I am calling the "Event Technology Mashup" Blog.

      The idea behind this blog is quite simple.  It is to be an outlet for me to explore the technology challenges that we all face in the Event Industry.

      So what's up with the name?  Well for those of you who don't now what a music mashup is, Wikipedia defines a music mashup in the following way:
      A mashup or blend[1] (also mesh ,mash up and mash-up) is a song or composition created by blending two or more pre-recorded songs, usually by overlaying the vocal track of one song seamlessly over the instrumental track of another.[2]
      I thought this was a perfect way to describe what happens when you try to merge the repetitive and staid world of technology with the creative, unpredictable world of events.  

      So hopefully you find something here that is of interest and can help you in your pursuit of delivering the perfect event.

      Sincerely,

      Pierre Chew